Question: What Are The Factors That Affect Soil Erosion?

What are the factors that affect erosion?

Major factors that affect the amount of erosion are soil cloddiness, surface roughness, wind speed, soil moisture, field size, and vegetative cover.

A discussion of each follows.

The cloddiness of a given soil largely indicates whether the wind will erode it..

What are the main factors of soil erosion?

The agents of soil erosion are the same as the agents of all types of erosion: water, wind, ice, or gravity. Running water is the leading cause of soil erosion, because water is abundant and has a lot of power. Wind is also a leading cause of soil erosion because wind can pick up soil and blow it far away.

What are 4 factors that affect erosion?

The most important erosion factors include the climatic, hydrological, topographic, soil, geological and vegetation conditions, as well as the economic and technical and the socioeconomic conditions of the human society.

What are the five main factors that affect soil erosion?

The rate and magnitude of soil erosion by water is controlled by the following factors:Rainfall and Runoff. … Soil Erodibility. … Slope Gradient and Length. … Cropping and Vegetation. … Tillage Practices. … Sheet Erosion. … Rill Erosion. … Gully Erosion.More items…•Feb 12, 2021

How can we prevent soil erosion?

You can reduce soil erosion by:Maintaining a healthy, perennial plant cover.Mulching.Planting a cover crop – such as winter rye in vegetable gardens. … Placing crushed stone, wood chips, and other similar materials in heavily used areas where vegetation is hard to establish and maintain.More items…

What are some examples of erosion?

Liquid water is the major agent of erosion on Earth. Rain, rivers, floods, lakes, and the ocean carry away bits of soil and sand and slowly wash away the sediment. Rainfall produces four types of soil erosion: splash erosion, sheet erosion, rill erosion, and gully erosion.

What are the 3 major causes of soil erosion?

Following are the important causes of soil erosion:Rainfall and Flooding. Higher intensity of rainstorm is the main cause of soil erosion. … Agriculture. The farming practices are the major cause of soil erosion. … Grazing. … Logging and Mining. … Construction. … Rivers and Streams. … Heavy Winds. … Loss of Arable Land.More items…

What are effects of soil erosion?

The effects of soil erosion go beyond the loss of fertile land. It has led to increased pollution and sedimentation in streams and rivers, clogging these waterways and causing declines in fish and other species. And degraded lands are also often less able to hold onto water, which can worsen flooding.

What are the two types of soil erosion?

Types of Soil ErosionRain Drop or Splash Erosion. … Sheet Erosion. … Rill Erosion. … Gully Erosion. … Stream Bank Erosion. … Due to Soil Texture. … Slope. … Intensity or Amount of Rainfall.More items…

What is soil erosion and its causes Class 10?

Due to human activities like deforestation, overgrazing, construction and mining, etc. Natural forces like wind, glacier and water leads to soil erosion. Wind blows loose soil off flat or sloping land, and is called wind erosion. … Soil erosion is also caused due to defective methods of farming.