Quick Answer: What Are The Major Types Of Metamorphic Rocks?

What is metamorphic rock in simple words?

A metamorphic rock is a type of rock which has been changed by extreme heat and pressure.

Its name is from ‘morph’ (meaning form), and ‘meta’ (meaning change).

The original rock gets heated (temperatures greater than 150 to 200 °C) and pressured (1500 bars).

This causes profound physical and/or chemical change..

What is the highest metamorphic grade?

GneissGneiss, the highest grade metamorphic rock, contains bands of easily visible quartz, feldspar, and/or mica. More metamorphic rocks. Click on each photo for a larger image.

What is the lowest type of metamorphism?

Low-grade metamorphism takes place at temperatures between about 200 to 320oC, and relatively low pressure. Low grade metamorphic rocks are generally characterized by an abundance of hydrous minerals.

What are the 3 main types of metamorphic rocks?

There are three ways that metamorphic rocks can form. The three types of metamorphism are Contact, Regional, and Dynamic metamorphism. Contact Metamorphism occurs when magma comes in contact with an already existing body of rock.

What are the 2 main types of igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks are divided into two groups, intrusive or extrusive, depending upon where the molten rock solidifies. Intrusive Igneous Rocks: Intrusive, or plutonic, igneous rock forms when magma is trapped deep inside the Earth.

What are 2 examples of igneous rocks?

Examples of intrusive igneous rocks are: diabase, diorite, gabbro, granite, pegmatite, and peridotite. Extrusive igneous rocks erupt onto the surface, where they cool quickly to form small crystals. Some cool so quickly that they form an amorphous glass.

How do you name a metamorphic rock?

By convention, when naming a metamorphic rock the mineral in the lowest quantity (garnet, in this case) is mentioned first. Notice that the muscovite micas define a very wavy foliation in the rock; this textural pattern of wavy micas is called a schistose foliation (Figure 11.5B).

What is the example of metamorphic rock?

Common metamorphic rocks include phyllite, schist, gneiss, quartzite and marble. Foliated Metamorphic Rocks: Some kinds of metamorphic rocks — granite gneiss and biotite schist are two examples — are strongly banded or foliated.

What are the characteristics of metamorphic rocks?

Metamorphic rocks were once igneous or sedimentary rocks, but have been changed (metamorphosed) as a result of intense heat and/or pressure within the Earth’s crust. They are crystalline and often have a “squashed” (foliated or banded) texture.

What are 5 examples of metamorphic rocks?

Some examples of metamorphic rocks are gneiss, slate, marble, schist, and quartzite. Slate and quartzite tiles are used in building construction. Marble is also prized for building construction and as a medium for sculpture.

What are the classification of metamorphic rocks?

Metamorphic rocks are broadly classified as foliated or non-foliated. Non-foliated metamorphic rocks do not have aligned mineral crystals. Non-foliated rocks form when pressure is uniform, or near the surface where pressure is very low.

What are the five characteristics of a rock?

What are the 6 characteristics of a rock? These include color, crystal form, hardness, density, luster, and cleavage.

What are the two main agents of metamorphism?

AGENTS OF METAMORPHISM – The agents of metamorphism include heat, pressure (stress), and chemically active fluids. During metamorphism, rocks are often subjected to all three metamorphic agents simultaneously.

What is the classification of rock?

Generally rocks can be divided into three major types based on the process of their formation. These are; Igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks.

What are the 2 main types of metamorphic rock?

There are two main types of metamorphic rocks: those that are foliated because they have formed in an environment with either directed pressure or shear stress, and those that are not foliated because they have formed in an environment without directed pressure or relatively near the surface with very little pressure …

What are the 4 main types of metamorphism?

Top 4 Types of Metamorphism| Rocks | GeographyType # 1. Contact Metamorphism:Type # 2. Regional Metamorphism:Type # 3. Hydro-Metamorphism:Type # 4. Hydro-Thermo-Metamorphism:

What are three examples of foliated metamorphic rocks?

Examples of foliated rocks are slate, phyllite and schist.