Quick Answer: What Is An Example Of An Extrusive Igneous Rock?

How do you identify diorite?

It usually contains little if any quartz.

This makes diorite a coarse-grained rock with a contrasting mix of black and white mineral grains.

Students often use this “salt and pepper” appearance as a clue to the identification of diorite..

What are the characteristics of intrusive igneous rocks?

Intrusive rocks are characterized by large crystal sizes, i.e., their visual appearance shows individual crystals interlocked together to form the rock mass. The cooling of magma deep in the Earth is typically much slower than the cooling process at the surface, so larger crystals can grow.

What are igneous rocks classified by?

As has already been described, igneous rocks are classified into four categories, based on either their chemistry or their mineral composition: felsic, intermediate, mafic, and ultramafic. The diagram in Figure 3.16 can be used to help classify igneous rocks by their mineral composition.

Where do intrusive igneous rocks form quizlet?

Intrusive igneous rocks form when magma cools and solidifies within Earth. Extrusive igneous rocks form when lava cools and hardens at the surface. Compare and contrast the formation of intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks. Igneous rocks can be classified by compo- sition based on the major minerals in the rocks.

How do you identify igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks are rocks which solidify from molten material (magma). Cooling of the magma can occur beneath the surface (plutonic) or on the surface (volcanic). Igneous rocks can be identified by the determination of the composition and texture of the rock.

What are the 4 textures of igneous rocks?

Igneous textures include the rock textures occurring in igneous rocks. Igneous textures are used by geologists in determining the mode of origin igneous rocks and are used in rock classification. There are six main types of textures; phaneritic, aphanitic, porphyritic, glassy, pyroclastic and pegmatitic.

Is diorite a porphyritic?

Diorite has a phaneritic, often speckled, texture of coarse grain size and is occasionally porphyritic. … Diorites may be associated with either granite or gabbro intrusions, into which they may subtly merge. Diorite results from the partial melting of a mafic rock above a subduction zone.

Which is an example of an extrusive igneous rock quizlet?

Examples of extrusive igneous rocks are? Examples of extrusive igneous rocks are basalt, obsidian, pumice, and rhyolite.

What are extrusive igneous rocks give examples?

Extrusive rockIgneous rock.Pumice.Basalt.Perlite.Trachyte.Obsidian.Rhyolite.Phonolite.More items…

What is the most common extrusive igneous rock?

basaltThe most common extrusive igneous rock is basalt, a rock that is especially common below the oceans (Figure 4.6). Figure 4.5: Extrusive or volcanic igneous rocks form after lava cools above the surface.

What is the most common type of igneous rock?

BasaltBasalt is one of the most common types of igneous rocks in the world. The majority of the ocean floor is composed of basalt. This smooth, black igneous rock forms due to erupting magma beneath the ocean floor that cools as it comes in contact with the ocean water.

What do igneous rocks look like?

Extrusive, or volcanic, igneous rocks look dull and do not sparkle much because they are fine grained. … These crystals make a coarse-grained igneous rock called plutonic, or intrusive, igneous rock because the magma was intruded into cracks deep under the earth’s surface.

Is diorite extrusive or intrusive?

Diorite. Diorite is an intrusive igneous rock composed principally of the silicate minerals plagioclase feldspar (typically andesine), biotite, hornblende, and/or pyroxene.

What are the 2 main types of igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks are divided into two groups, intrusive or extrusive, depending upon where the molten rock solidifies. Intrusive Igneous Rocks: Intrusive, or plutonic, igneous rock forms when magma is trapped deep inside the Earth.

What is another name for igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks are also known as magmatic rocks. Igneous rocks are divided into two types: plutonic and volcanic rock. Plutonic rock is another name…

What are 5 facts about igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks are up!Igneous rocks are formed in molten magma.There are two types of igneous rock. … Igneous rock is also formed when magma cools and crystallises into a rock formation.Most of the earth’s crust is made out of igneous rock.Many mountains are made out of igneous rocks.Oct 20, 2012

What are the 3 characteristics of igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks can be easily identified with their texture, density, colour, and mineral composition. Its texture depends on the shape, size, time period to cool down and solidify, and the arrangement of crystals in the rock.

Where is diorite commonly found?

Diorite. Diorite is an intrusive rock intermediate in composition between gabbro and granite. It is produced in volcanic arcs, and in mountain building where it can occur in large volumes as batholiths in the roots of mountains (e.g. Scotland, Norway).